Aphthous stomatitis is an inflammatory disease of the oral cavity, in which single or multiple ulcers occur on the mucosa. These pathological formations are also called aphthae (from the Greek aphta – ulcer). They can occur at any part of the mucous membrane of the mouth. The ulcers are painful and gradually heal. This remedy can alleviate the condition: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/chlorhexamed-forte-0-2.
Despite the fact that in the majority of cases aphthous stomatitis is not a contagious disease (provided it is not caused by viruses or bacteria), it is one of the most common inflammatory oral pathologies. It is found in 10-40% of children and adults worldwide.
If you have symptoms of aphthous stomatitis, you must always consult a doctor. Aphthous ulcers can become infected, greatly complicating the pathological process. In addition, the presence of ulcers affects the psycho-emotional state of the patient and significantly reduces the quality of his life.
Classification of the disease
Aphthous stomatitis differs in the nature of the course. It can be:
Acute. It begins with general malaise, accompanied by an increase in body temperature and apathy. Then single or multiple ulcers appear on the mucous membrane of the mouth. The aphthae are quite small – usually no larger than a lentil grain. The ulcers are oval or round in shape. They have clear borders in the form of a narrow border of red. A grayish-yellowish plaque can be seen in the center of the aphthae. The appearance of the ulcers is accompanied by burning, and when eating, the patient feels pain. Complete independent healing of aphthae occurs within 1-1.5 weeks.
Chronic. Alternating periods of exacerbation and remission are characteristic. Ulcers appear, heal, and then arise again after a while. Associated symptoms are not pronounced, and in some periods, even in the presence of aphthae, may be absent. The mucous membrane of the mouth occasionally swells. Chronic aphthous stomatitis is a consequence of acute and develops in people with weak local and general immunity or in patients suffering from systemic diseases.
Causes of aphthous stomatitis
The exact causes of the disease are still not known. However, it has been established that all patients with aphthous stomatitis have immune system malfunctions. The most common is the autoimmune theory. It is believed that the human immune system begins to take some components of saliva as foreign chemical agents, and begins to attack them. The result of this struggle is aphthae.
Factors that increase the risk of developing the disease:
Genetic predisposition – close relatives of a third of patients with aphthous stomatitis also suffered from this pathology, and if there are twins in the family, the disease is revealed in both in 91% of cases, if they are identical, and in 57% of cases of different types.
Mechanical trauma to the mouth – about 40% of cases precede the development of pathology.
Food allergies – aphthous stomatitis often occurs after the consumption of certain products, most often containing gluten, as well as seafood, spices, cheese, tomatoes, and citrus fruits.
Avitaminosis – patients with this disease often have a deficiency of folic acid, iron, zinc, selenium, vitamins C and B.
Hormonal imbalance – aphthous stomatitis often occurs in pregnant women and women during menstruation.
Systemic diseases – many patients are diagnosed with immunodeficiencies, gastrointestinal dysfunction, circulatory system malfunctions, after treatment of which the signs of aphthous stomatitis disappear.
Viral and bacterial infections.
Incorrect choice of oral care products – in particular, in many cases the disease develops in people who use toothpastes with sodium lauryl sulfate (foaming component), which promotes drying of the mucous membrane.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Chronic aphthous stomatitis can also occur against the background of diseases such as pharyngitis, inflammatory bowel disease, Behcet’s disease, celiac disease. In some cases, it accompanies HIV infection.
Information! The pathology can develop in patients of any sex and age, but is most often found in adolescents and young women.